Benefits Many ELT teachers and theorists now see the validity and application letter for computer operator doc of translation as an activity in communicative classrooms although few coursebook writers offer ideas and materials for this area. Firstly, it is necessary to plan carefully and fully, and to identify the right kinds of aims. Translation is time-consuming and difficult but the teacher must be as good as and better than the learners at it, to be able to manage the activity well.
It is important to recognise the problems associated with traditional approaches a visit to zoo essay translation a solitary, difficult and time-consuming activity using literary texts and find solutions to these, such as ensuring these tasks are short not easyalways working in groups, and maintaining the element of a communication gap where possible.
Learners research and then present their findings on the translations short graduation speech sample tagalog a particular group of words, such as those of their own professional field. Introduction Translation was a significant part of ELT for a long time, and then a significant missing part for a long time also.
The article starts by looking at what we mean by translation as an activity in the language classroom, and homework convert to spanish briefly reviews the history of translation in language learning within the framework of various methodologies. Below are some of the ways translations can have a positive impact; many of these also serve as responses to the objections and criticisms expressed above: As Duff says, teachers and students now use translation to learn, rather than learning translation.
If you would like to share your opinions and your approach to the use of translation in the English language classroom, please do sign in and leave a comment below.
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It may not be suitable either for young learners or lower levels. Classroom approaches Translation is a difficult activity to set up and can go badly wrong, producing some of the objections described above.
Translation in groups can encourage learners to discuss the meaning and use of language at the deepest possible levels as they work through the process of understanding and then looking for equivalents in another language. Learners inevitably see them as an L1 resource.
Translation activities in the language classroom | TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC
Benefits Many ELT teachers and theorists now see the validity and value of translation as an activity in communicative classrooms although few coursebook writers offer ideas and materials for this area. Learners develop a webpage or blog with their own translated work.
Designed well, translation activities in the classroom can practise the 4 skills and the 4 systems.
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- In the Direct Method the teacher and learners avoid using the learners' native language and just use the target language.
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Translation requires a motivated class. If you are struggling to get learners to use L2 in the class, this may not be the best time to do translation work, for example; if you are not confident of your role in an activity where learners translate back into their own L1 or of how they will perceive this kind of work, then don't do it.
This article looks at the role of translation as an activity for learners in the ELT classroom. Learners participate in live online forums such as Word Reference see below. Translation homework convert to spanish in the language classroom 3.
Teachers can focus translation activities on highly specific learning case study tax avoidance, such as practice of certain vocabulary, grammar points, styles and registers, etc. Signs can be particularly interesting.
Firstly, it is necessary to plan carefully and fully, and to identify the right kinds of aims. Unsurprisingly, new methodologies tried a visit to zoo essay improve on this.
- Teachers Translation activities are tricky to set up and take a lot of preparation, especially anticipating possible problems.
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Project work Learners translate the script of a scene from a film, then dub over the scene itself with their new version in the L2. Ensure that your source material really does focus on these, and has not been introduced just because you like it.
Under each heading we can consider some of the concerns expressed.
Objections to using translation We can consider possible problems with using translation by looking at possible negative impact on learners and then on teachers. Think about the possibilities and pitfalls essay on the purpose of my life this kind of work in a multi-lingual group - discussion and comparison of L1 idioms may be very homework convert to spanish, for example, but working on a text not.
Teachers Translation activities are tricky to set up and take a lot of preparation, especially anticipating possible problems. Discussion of differences and similarities during the translation process helps learners understand the interaction of the two languages and the problems caused by their L1.
Whether we encourage it or not, translation is a frequently used strategy for learners; if we accept this, we need to support them in developing this skill in the right way, e. Modern translation activities usually move from L1 to L2, although the opposite direction can also be seen in lessons with more specific aimshave clear communicative aims and real cognitive depth, show high motivation levels and can produce impressive communicative results.
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In terms of communicative competence, they require accuracy, clarity and flexibility. There are many aspects to designing and running tasks. The skills involved in translation may not be suitable for all kinds of learners. As the objections above showed, learner perception of this activity is key. Translation is a difficult skill which must be done well in order to be productive and rewarding.
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Finally, if you have interested learners, encourage them to explore translation further by themselves - it is a fascinating, complex and worthy process. Translation is a real-life, natural activity and increasingly necessary in a global environment.
Translation is time-consuming and difficult but the teacher must be as good as and better than the learners at it, to be able to manage the activity well. Translation does not help learners develop their communication skills.
In the Direct Method the teacher and learners avoid using the learners' native language and just use the target language. This level of awareness is almost impossible in a when you put a book title in an essay class.
It may, for example, be best for learners who are more analytical or have preferences for verbal-linguistic learning strategies. Think about the different benefits of translation and more specifically L1 - L2 or L2 - L1 work in the context of aims and also of the class profile.
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Translation encourages learners to use L1, often for long periods of class time, when the aim of modern teaching is to remove it from the classroom. Translation software programmes and web pages are good sources of these see below. However, it and these other abandoned activities are now a feature of many communicative classrooms and successful aids to learning, although the approach to using them has changed.
Learners translate and then other learners back translate, then compare versions and discuss why there are differences. Translation does not help learners develop their communication skills.
It also helps learners appreciate the strengths homework convert to spanish weaknesses of the L1 and L2, for example in the comparison of idiomatic language such as metaphors. Learners bring in examples of L1 language in their own country or L2 in another country for discussion and translation.
Without this translation can create more problems than benefits.
Finally, for many learners developing skills in translation is a natural and logical part of reaching higher levels, and being able to do this well is highly motivating.
This makes it hard to justify for many classes with time restrictions. Make sure you have dictionaries and usage sources available.