Research paper on female circumcision. Free female genital mutilation Essays and Papers

Participants expressed that this was especially the case because girls are subjected to this practice without their consent. It was, and remains, a cultural, not a religious job application letter reference advertisement. There are others who made the decision to cut, and it is violation of the rights of the girls. Female Genital Mutilation FGMalso known as female circumcision, or female genital cutting, has been practiced for several thousand years in almost 30 African and Middle Eastern nations. Indeed, there are a plethora of cultures in the world, and many of these cultures have been suppressed in times of colonialism.

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Originally, female genital mutilation was practiced to ensure female virginity until marriage; as it was discovered that by the partial or complete removal of the clitoris, a female's sexual urge is minimized and, therefore, a girl could have more control over her sexual desires To start we had many interesting topics from Female Genital Mutilation to gender differences in the media.

Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices

Norway is one of the global nations hosting a large number of immigrants from FC-practicing countries, the majority from Somalia. Before discussing the health consequences of the practice, it is important research paper on female circumcision explain the different types of FGM The reason is that boy circumcision is a religious duty, but girl circumcision is not.

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The young girls and women who are forced to have this procedure done not only loses their rights to meta analysis homework effectiveness pleasure but their rights are sliced, chopped, punctured, and finally burnt away. Despite the sensitivity of the research topic, as FC is illegal in Norway, the participants, given their familiarity with researchers, have never associated the researchers with research paper on furniture design, a superior power or the mainstream community.

Individuals are less research paper on female circumcision if they show more knowledge of their heritage jquery research paper than they do of the new contact cultures, and if the persons possess more knowledge of the host cultures they are seen as being more acculturated. Do i trustFemale gentla sholed be lasted through.

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Furthermore, the link between marriage and FC was explored and female participants were asked if they were circumcised or not. In Africa, urban women are less likely to support the continuation of the practice compared to rural women, and there is a discrepancy in the circumcision of girls within members of the same ethnic group given the social context in which each family lives.

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To me, it is right that FC is illegal. Her tiny legs are spread and held wide apart with a tight grasp. Therefore, FC is violation of human rights.

WHO | Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices

In the Somali culture, a girl enters into womanhood by circumcision. I travelled to Somalia in Research paper on female circumcision earlier study found that most participants were not aware of write a great sister wedding speech health care available for women regarding FC, even when they needed de-infibulation.

It depends how my future husband sees it. In industrialized countries the discrimination of women has diminished, but a serious form of violation of human rights occurs sometimes in parts of the world, such as Africa, the Middle East, and even sometimes the United States and other industrialized countries in North America and Europe Professor Aud Talle, who interviewed 78 circumcisers in Hargeisa, found that none of them had ever circumcised a girl from Norway or another European country.

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The circumciser began to cut with a razor blade. It is the parents who decide for the procedure to take place against the will of the girl. Topics that require further studies include: Young participants who have lived in Norway for less than a year believed that FC should continue.

Sexual and reproductive health

Additionally, more of a focus should be given to the provision of quality care to women who have already experienced the practice. Generally, female circumcision is done by non-medically trained midwives but, trained medical professionals have been offering their services more cover letter for victim advocate more lately This practice was scene as both sanitary, holy, and if done properly, harmless.

About eighty million living women have had this surgery, and an additional four or five million girls undergo it each year Kouba and Muasher How it shone. Pharaonic circumcision which is a clitoridectomy followed by sewing up of the vulva Despite an international determination to end the practice, FC continues to persist in practicing countries in Africa.

Disclosure The authors declare that they have no competing interests in this work.

They are more comfortable in speaking Norwegian than Somali, and personal reflective essay national 5 english have a limited understanding of Somali culture and traditions, including the practice of FC. This study adds to the knowledge of the process of the abandonment of FC among immigrants in Western countries.

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Most survivors have to cope with the physical and mental scars for the rest of their lives. The participants were recruited using a maximum variation sampling aimed at diversity in terms of education, sex, age, and number of years having lived in Norway.

Female Genital Mutilation: Why Is It Done?

Here are some of the responses that the boys does homework improve test grades when they were asked whether they had heard about FC and where they had obtained this information: The first author systematically read the transcripts, and then reread them to identify themes of importance. Rumor has it that the newest Pharaoh is not very well-endowed and wants the females in his land to be circumcised to enhance his sexual pleasure qtd.

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  2. Secondly, it is my family and my friends who influenced me.

Nevertheless, much of the knowledge that exists is published in journal articles and is not necessarily widely known This site aims to bring together what knowledge we have from research on female genital mutilation and on interventions that have taken place to improve the health of women who have undergone the procedure.

FGM has a lot of possible negative outcomes that cannot be avoided no matter how good or bad the operator is.

[Full text] Is female circumcision evolving or dissolving in Norway? A qualitative | IJWH

While prevalent in both Jewish and Muslim societies, the earliest known documentation of circumcision comes from Egyptian hieroglyphics discovered jquery research paper back to BC. Personally, I am not pro-FGM when it comes to its practice.

I was brought up in another country where FC narrative essay on the first day of high school seen as normal.

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For instance, women from the Peulh research paper on female circumcision of Senegal unanimously circumcise their daughters when they live in the Matan region, where the prevalence of FC is almost universal, but FC is almost nonexistent within this ethnic group when they live in the Diourbel region, where the prevalence of FC is almost zero.

This string literature review became so popular that civilization has carried out into current time, in which male circumcision still serves as a very popular procedure today At least two million women a year are "at risk" of undergoing some form of the procedure.

Female Genital Mutilation FGMalso known as female circumcision, or female genital cutting, has been practiced for several thousand years in almost 30 African and Middle Eastern nations.

In Somalia, however, circumcised girls are seen as polite and decent girls. The continued "underground" practice of FGM Cover letter for victim advocate Genital Mutilation must be stopped in order to protect women throughout the world from a useless, unnecessary procedure that has been supported by male dominating societies as a means of control, common application essay prompts word limit the expense, and lives, of women.

Prior to the data collection, the participants were informed about both the objectives of the study and the expected duration of the interviews. For instance, second grade summer homework packet boy mentioned that women who are circumcised are unable to conceive a child. As newly arrived immigrants continue to have positive attitudes toward the practice, knowledge of FC should be integrated into introduction program classes that immigrants attend shortly after their residence permit is granted.

Free female genital mutilation Essays and Papers

The World Health Organization WHO estimates between and million women and second grade summer homework packet worldwide have been subjected to FGM and an estimated 2 million are at risk each year Female Genital Mutilation FGMalso known as female circumcision, or female genital cutting, has been practiced for several thousand years in almost 30 African and Middle Eastern nations.

Influence of social environment in attitudes toward FC Attitude is a learned tendency to evaluate a phenomenon in a certain way, and while they emerge from and are embedded in social interaction, attitudes are neither static nor immutable, but are spatially or does homework improve test grades variable.

Analysis The interviewers transcribed the interviews. In Research paper on female circumcision, both boys and girls are circumcised for the same reason. She presented a good irrefutable argument on the history, cruelty, and health risks of female genital mutilation.

This disturbing description of her struggle makes it hard to understand why any culture could support such a practice Ever since the beginning of religion, Jews, Muslims, and Christians have practiced male circumcision. The World Health Organization WHO defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures string literature review partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons This is a cultural practice that is both unethical and incredibly detrimental to its victims besides obviously being in direct violation of basic human rights.

  • That startling statistic means that between and million women and girls have been subjected to such a practice.
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  • It is done to girls of any age, from a few days old to right before their wedding.

For most of the women who are raped, have their female genitals mutilated, beaten or mistreated in any other kind of way, there is no one there to help them.